The ACA requires non-grandfathered plans to comply with an overall annual limit—or an out-of-pocket maximum—on essential health benefits.
For 2020, the out-of-pocket maximum is $8,150 for self-only coverage and $16,300 for family coverage.
Individual Mandate’s Affordability Exemption
Under the ACA, individuals who lack access to affordable minimum essential coverage (MEC) are exempt from the individual mandate penalty. Coverage is considered affordable for an employee if the required contribution for the lowest-cost, self-only coverage does not exceed 8.24% of his/her household income for MEC in 2020.